What is the Purpose of a Case Study?

A case study is a report of descriptive information on data of research of an experiment, project, event or analysis. There are case studies that are particular to psychologists, scientists, and sociologists. Within those types of case studies there are individual theory, organizational theory, and social theory.

The purpose behind psychologist case studies are in seek in depth information about the human brain, behavior, or cognitive thinking.

A sociologist’s case study purpose would be similar to the psychologist, except that looking into the behavior or interactions within, between, or around communities, groups, or organizations.

The purpose of a scientists’ case study is to experiment between theories or come up with new theories. Scientists are able to develop a hypothesis and go into detail through their research and experimenting when processing through the case study type of their choice.

  • Individual theories focus on an individual’s development and interactions with a subject. Elaboration with that that object is delved and described in theory.
  • Organizational theories pay detail to the organization hierarchy or statuses of an institution or the purpose of an organization.
  • Social theories are more commonly used with sociologists because they focus on the development or structure of communities, groups, or areas.

These types of case studies have different purposes to satisfy and explain the proper data according to each scientist. In even greater detail there are specifics and details that make each have a special purpose.

  • The purpose of an explanatory case study is to better show the data and description of a casual investigation.
  • Collective case study’s purpose is to show the detail of how a group of individuals in a manner that shows all the data concisely.
  • The purpose of a descriptive case study is to be able to compare the new gatherings to the preexisting theory.
  • An exploratory case study is used to give more background information than usual case studies, to better compare results, and to allow for the researchers to dedicate more time into studying the information needed for their experiment or case.
  • Intrinsic case studies are based in the researcher’s personal interest or curiosities. It serves the purpose of allowing a researcher to freely learn or study what they please.
  • An instrumental case study’s purpose allows for researchers to try to understand the science behind an experiment or case.